Selective destabilization of soluble amyloid β oligomers by divalent metal ions

K. Garai, P. Sengupta, B. Sahoo, S. Maiti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aggregation of the amyloid β (Aβ) peptide yields both fibrillar precipitates and soluble oligomers, and is associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In vitro, Cu2+ and Zn2+ strongly bind Aβ and promote its precipitation. However, less is known about their interactions with the soluble oligomers, which are thought to be the major toxic species responsible for AD. Using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy to resolve the various soluble species of Aβ, we show that low concentrations of Cu2+ (1 μM) and Zn2+ (4 μM) selectively eliminate the oligomeric population (within ∼2 h), while Mg2+ displays a similar effect at a higher concentration (60 μM). This uncovers a new aspect of Aβ-metal ion interactions, as precipitation is not substantially altered at these low metal ion concentrations. Our results suggest that physiological concentrations of Cu2+ and Zn2+ can critically alter the stability of the toxic Aβ oligomers and can potentially control the course of neurodegeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-215
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume345
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 23 2006

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid β
  • Oligomer-metal ion interaction
  • Oligomers
  • Protein aggregation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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