Select human milk oligosaccharides directly modulate peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from 10-d-old pigs

Sarah S. Comstock, Mei Wang, Shelly N. Hester, Min Li, Sharon M. Donovan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Infant formulas lack the complex mixture of oligosaccharides found in human milk. These human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) may be pivotal to the development of the neonatal immune system. Few comprehensive analyses of the effects of HMO on immune cells from neonates have been undertaken. Herein, the direct effects of HMO on immune cells were analysed ex vivo. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) isolated from 10-d-old sow-reared (SR) or colostrum-deprived formula-fed (FF) pigs were stimulated for 72 h with single HMO, mixtures of single HMO or a complex mixture of HMO isolated from human milk (iHMO). T-cell phenotype, cytokine production and proliferation were measured by flow cytometry, immunoassay and [3H]thymidine incorporation, respectively. Stimulation with HMO had direct effects on PBMC. For instance, cells stimulated with iHMO produced more IL-10 than unstimulated cells, and cells stimulated with fucosylated HMO tended to proliferate less than unstimulated cells. Additionally, co-stimulation with HMO mixtures or single HMO altered PBMC responses to phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. Compared with PBMC stimulated with PHA alone, cells co-stimulated with iHMO and PHA proliferated more and had fewer detectable CD4+CD8+ T cells. Compared with PBMC stimulated by LPS alone, cells co-stimulated with a mixture of sialylated HMO and LPS proliferated more and tended to have fewer detectable CD4+ T cells. Differences in the baseline responses of PBMC isolated from the SR or FF pigs were observed. In summary, HMO directly affected PBMC populations and functions. Additionally, ex vivo measurements of PBMC phenotype, cytokine production and proliferation were influenced by the neonate's diet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)819-828
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume111
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 14 2014

Keywords

  • Human milk
  • Immunity
  • Infants
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Pigs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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