Seismic performance of bridges with high strength concrete columns reinforced with SMA-FRP jackets

Donghyuk Jung, Pratik Deogekar, Bassem Andrawes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Despite its great potential, the use of high strength concrete (HSC) in bridge columns raises concerns associated with the intrinsic brittleness of the material and the insufficient lateral deformation capacity of the columns under seismic loading. To ensure the ductile response of HSC columns, this paper proposes and studies an innovative hybrid confinement method which provides traditional passive confinement combined with thermally triggered active confinement by using fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets and shape memory alloy (SMA) spirals together. The compressive behavior of HSC confined with the hybrid (SMA-FRP) jackets are experimentally investigated at the material level, and implemented in seismic analysis of a bridge system with HSC columns within a new simulation framework, named material testing integrated simulation. The hybrid confinement jackets show greater performance in improving the compressive behavior of HSC, compared to conventional FRP jackets. The simulation results indicate that the hybrid jackets can effectively protect the plastic hinge regions of HSC columns, and significantly enhanced the capability of the bridge to accommodate strong ground motions as well as large lateral deformations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number035008
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019


  • confinement
  • fiber-reinforced polymers
  • high strength concrete
  • material testing integrated simulation
  • shape memory alloys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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