Seismic fragility analysis of deteriorated bridge structures employing a UAV inspection-based updated digital twin

Sungsik Yoon, Sangmok Lee, Seungkyung Kye, In Ho Kim, Hyung Jo Jung, Billie F. Spencer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aging bridges require regular inspection due to performance deterioration. For this purpose, numerous researchers have considered the use of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) systems for structural health monitoring and inspection. However, present UAV-based inspection methods only represent the type and extent of external damage, but does not assess the seismic performance. In this study, a seismic fragility analysis of deteriorated bridges employing a UAV inspection-based updated digital twin is proposed. The proposed method consists of two phases: (1) bridge condition assessment using UAV inspection for updating the digital twin and (2) seismic fragility analysis based on the updated digital twin. To update the digital twin, the bridge damage grade is assigned based on the UAV inspection, and subsequently, the corresponding damage index is calculated. The damage index is utilized as a percentage reduction in the stiffness of finite element (FE) model, based on a previously proposed research. Using the updated digital twin, the seismic fragility analysis is conducted with different earthquake motions and magnitudes. To demonstrate the proposed method, an inservice pre-stressed concrete box bridge is examined. In particular, the seismic fragility curves of deteriorated bridges are compared with those of intact bridges. The numerical results show that the maximum failure probability of the deteriorated bridges is 3.6% higher than that of intact bridges. Therefore, the proposed method has the potential to updated the digital twin effectively using UAV inspection, allowing for seismic fragility analysis of deteriorated bridges to be conducted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number346
JournalStructural and Multidisciplinary Optimization
Volume65
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bridge condition assessment
  • Deteriorated bridge structure
  • Digital twin
  • Seismic fragility analysis
  • Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
  • Visual inspection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Control and Optimization
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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