Seismic design considerations for underground box structures

Y. M.A. Hashash, Karina Karina, Demetrious Koutsoftas, Nick O'Riordan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Underground structures have generally performed well during seismic events. Nevertheless the design of these structures has to consider seismic loading. Unlike above ground structures, the response of undergound structures to seismic loading is dominated by the seismic deformations of the surrounding soil. Seismic loading is characterized in terms of deformations imposed by the soil on the box structures and the interaction between them. This paper describes seismic analysis approaches for underground structures. The paper reviews available simplified solutions and describes procedures to conduct numerical analyses using pseudo-static and dynamic soil-structure interaction approaches. The paper describes some of the limitations associated with pseudo-static analyses for shallow structure and the need for dynamic soil-structure analyses under these conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEarth Retention Conference 3 - Proceedings of the 2010 Earth Retention Conference
Number of pages18
Edition208 GSP
StatePublished - 2010
Event2010 Earth Retention Conference - Earth Retention Conference 3 - Bellevue, WA, United States
Duration: Aug 1 2010Aug 4 2010

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
Number208 GSP
ISSN (Print)0895-0563


Other2010 Earth Retention Conference - Earth Retention Conference 3
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBellevue, WA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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