Seasonal variability in ethanol concentrations from a dry grind fermentation operation associated with incoming corn variability

Divya Ramchandran, David B. Johnston, Mike E Tumbleson, Kent D Rausch, Vijay Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Corn from an ethanol plant (commodity corn) and an identity preserved corn hybrid from a seed company (control corn stored at 4. °C) were used to study the effects of incoming corn on dry grind ethanol concentrations. Ethanol concentrations were determined every 2 weeks for 1 year using conventional dry grind procedure. Variations in ethanol concentrations were significant and variability patterns for commodity and control corn followed the same trend. Highest ethanol concentrations were seen in the month of January. Variation with control corn suggested that storage time is a significant factor affecting ethanol concentrations. Effects of different enzyme treatments on mean ethanol concentration over a year were evaluated. Two liquefaction enzymes (optimum pH - 5.8 and 5.1, respectively), two saccharification enzymes (optimum pH - 5.0) and one protease were used in five enzyme treatments (I-V). Final ethanol concentration with enzyme treatment V was (17.5 ± 0.486)%v/v. This was 0.6% higher than enzyme treatment I resulting in an additional ethanol production of 600,000. gallons/year in a 100 million gallon/year ethanol plant. Using more effective enzymes increases overall dry grind ethanol production and ethanol plant profitability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-160
Number of pages6
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume67
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Dry grind process
  • Ethanol
  • Fermentation
  • Grain quality variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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