Scour and burial mechanics of conical frustums on a sandy bed under combined flow conditions

Yovanni A. Cataño-Lopera, Blake J. Landry, Marcelo H. García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The scour and burial of conical frustums placed on a sandy bed under waves alone (WA) and combined flows (CF) conditions was investigated. The observations indicate that equilibrium burial depth is smaller than burial of other objects such as short cylinders laying on a sand bed under equivalent hydrodynamic conditions. Truncated cone offers less resistance to the flow field due to its more round shape when compared to a horizontally placed short cylinder characterized by sharp edges. A smaller disruption to the flow field translates to less turbulent intensity and to smaller sediment transport capacity of the flow around the object and less burial. The equilibrium burial depth shows a significantly weaker dependency on the Shields parameter than on the KeuleganCarpenter number, contrary to the case of finite short cylinders. A new empirical predictor based on the relative strength of the wave to the wave plus current velocity, the KeuleganCarpenter number, and the Shields parameter is proposed for estimating the equilibrium burial of truncated cones under combined flows. Both the KeuleganCarpenter number and the Shields parameter determine the width of the scour hole around the cone. The former however, is the most dominant parameter influencing the length of the scour hole.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1256-1268
Number of pages13
JournalOcean Engineering
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jul 2011


  • Combined flows
  • Migrating bedforms
  • Object burial
  • Scour hole
  • Sediment transport
  • Truncated cones
  • Waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering


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