Scale-invariant topology and bursty branching of evolutionary trees emerge from niche construction

Chi Xue, Zhiru Liu, Nigel Goldenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Phylogenetic trees describe both the evolutionary process and community diversity. Recent work has established that they exhibit scale-invariant topology, which quantifies the fact that their branching lies in between the two extreme cases of balanced binary trees and maximally unbalanced ones. In addition, the backbones of phylogenetic trees exhibit bursts of diversification on all timescales. Here, we present a simple, coarse-grained statistical model of niche construction coupled to speciation. Finite-size scaling analysis of the dynamics shows that the resultant phylogenetic tree topology is scale-invariant due to a singularity arising from large niche construction fluctuations that follow extinction events. The same model recapitulates the bursty pattern of diversification in time. These results show how dynamical scaling laws of phylogenetic trees on long timescales can reflect the indelible imprint of the interplay between ecological and evolutionary processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7879-7887
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume117
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 7 2020

Keywords

  • Evolution
  • Molecular phylogeny
  • Niche construction
  • Scaling laws

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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