Scalable visualization for high-dimensional single-cell data

Juho Kim, Nate Russell, Jian Peng

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Single-cell analysis can uncover the mysteries in the state of individual cells and enable us to construct new models about the analysis of heterogeneous tissues. State-of-the-art technologies for single-cell analysis have been developed to measure the properties of single-cells and detect hidden information. They are able to provide the measurements of dozens of features simultaneously in each cell. However, due to the high-dimensionality, heterogeneous complexity and sheer enormity of single-cell data, its interpretation is challenging. Thus, new methods to overcome high-dimensionality are necessary. Here, we present a computational tool that allows efficient visualization of high-dimensional single-cell data onto a low-dimensional (2D or 3D) space while preserving the similarity structure between single-cells. We first construct a network that can represent the similarity structure between the high-dimensional representations of single-cells, and then, embed this network into a low-dimensional space through an efficient online optimization method based on the idea of negative sampling. Using this approach, we can preserve the high-dimensional structure of single-cell data in an embedded low-dimensional space that facilitates visual analyses of the data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-634
Number of pages12
JournalPacific Symposium on Biocomputing
Volume0
Issue number212679
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event22nd Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing, PSB 2017 - Kohala Coast, United States
Duration: Jan 4 2017Jan 8 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics

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