Satellite footprint data from OCO-2 and TROPOMI reveal significant spatio-temporal and inter-vegetation type variabilities of solar-induced fluorescence yield in the U.S. Midwest

Cong Wang, Kaiyu Guan, Bin Peng, Min Chen, Chongya Jiang, Yelu Zeng, Genghong Wu, Sheng Wang, Jin Wu, Xi Yang, Christian Frankenberg, Philipp Köhler, Joseph Berry, Carl Bernacchi, Kai Zhu, Caroline Alden, Guofang Miao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) measured from space has been increasingly used to quantify plant photosynthesis at regional and global scales. Apparent canopy SIF yield (SIFyield apparent), determined by fluorescence yield (ΦF) and escaping ratio (fesc), together with absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (APAR), is crucial in driving spatio-temporal variability of SIF. While strong linkages between SIFyield apparent and plant physiological responses and canopy structure have been suggested, spatio-temporal variability of SIFyield apparent at regional scale remains largely unclear, which limits our understanding of the spatio-temporal variability of SIF and its relationship with photosynthesis. In this study, we utilized recent SIF data with high spatial resolution from two satellite instruments, OCO-2 and TROPOMI, together with multiple other datasets. We estimated SIFyield apparent across space, time, and different vegetation types in the U.S. Midwest during crop growing season (May to September) from 2015 to 2018. We found that SIFyield apparent of croplands was larger than non-croplands during peak season (July–August). However, SIFyield apparent between corn (C4 crop) and soybean (C3 crop) did not show a significant difference. SIFyield apparent of corn, soybean, forest, and grass/pasture show clear seasonal and spatial patterns. The spatial variability of precipitation during the growing season could explain the overall spatial pattern of SIFyield apparent. Further analysis by decomposing SIFyield apparent into ΦF and fesc using near-infrared reflectance of vegetation (NIRV) suggests that fesc may be the major driver of the observed variability of SIFyield apparent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111728
JournalRemote Sensing of Environment
Volume241
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Croplands
  • Escaping ratio
  • Fluorescence yield
  • NIR
  • OCO-2
  • Solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence
  • TROPOMI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Geology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences

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    Wang, C., Guan, K., Peng, B., Chen, M., Jiang, C., Zeng, Y., Wu, G., Wang, S., Wu, J., Yang, X., Frankenberg, C., Köhler, P., Berry, J., Bernacchi, C., Zhu, K., Alden, C., & Miao, G. (2020). Satellite footprint data from OCO-2 and TROPOMI reveal significant spatio-temporal and inter-vegetation type variabilities of solar-induced fluorescence yield in the U.S. Midwest. Remote Sensing of Environment, 241, [111728]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2020.111728