Saltmarsh ecology.

S. P. Long, C. F. Mason

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The introductory chapter defines the saltmarsh as an area of alluvial or peat deposits, colonized by herbaceous and small shrubby terrestrial vascular plants, almost permanently wet and frequently inundated with saline waters. The global distribution of this habitat type is outlined, and the overriding influence of the tidal cycle stressed. Chapter 2 reviews ways in which saltmarshes are formed, their physiographic features, the significance of sea level changes, and the nature of saltmarsh soil. The next two chapters describe the flora and fauna associated with saltmarshes, including material on adaptation to environmental stress, intra- and interspecific relationships, succession and zonation, and food webs. Chapter 5 looks at primary production in terms of biomass, net and gross primary production, and the contribution made by algae. The penultimate chapter examines the ecosystem in terms of decomposition, sediments and nutrient cycling, energy flow and export. Finally, aspects of conservation are debated, including reclamation of saltmarsh for agriculture or industry, and problems of pollution. Examples are mainly taken from North America, where research emphasis has been placed on ecosystem dynamics, and from Western Europe where the focus has usually been on species distributions in relation to environmental parameters.-P.J.Jarvis

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSaltmarsh ecology.
PublisherBlackie; Tertiary Level Biology Series; Chapman & Hall, USA
ISBN (Print)0216914388, 0216914396, 9780216914384, 9780216914391
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

saltmarsh
ecology
primary production
ecosystem dynamics
energy flow
tidal cycle
environmental stress
nutrient cycling
vascular plant
habitat type
sea level change
zonation
food web
peat
flora
alga
decomposition
fauna
agriculture
pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Long, S. P., & Mason, C. F. (1983). Saltmarsh ecology. In Saltmarsh ecology. Blackie; Tertiary Level Biology Series; Chapman & Hall, USA.

Saltmarsh ecology. / Long, S. P.; Mason, C. F.

Saltmarsh ecology.. Blackie; Tertiary Level Biology Series; Chapman & Hall, USA, 1983.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Long, SP & Mason, CF 1983, Saltmarsh ecology. in Saltmarsh ecology.. Blackie; Tertiary Level Biology Series; Chapman & Hall, USA.
Long SP, Mason CF. Saltmarsh ecology. In Saltmarsh ecology.. Blackie; Tertiary Level Biology Series; Chapman & Hall, USA. 1983
Long, S. P. ; Mason, C. F. / Saltmarsh ecology. Saltmarsh ecology.. Blackie; Tertiary Level Biology Series; Chapman & Hall, USA, 1983.
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