SAFETY AND EFFICACY OF MILBEMYCIN OXIME AND LUFENURON TO TREAT ARGULUS SPP. INFESTATION IN SMOOTH BACK RIVER STINGRAYS (POTAMOTRYGON ORBIGNYI) AND MAGDALENA RIVER STINGRAYS (POTAMOTRYGON MAGDALENAE)

Karisa N. Tang, Matthew R. O'Connor, Jennifer Landolfi, William Van Bonn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fish lice, ectoparasites of the genus Argulus, are branchurian crustaceans that can significantly impact fish health by causing mechanical damage to cutaneous barriers and increasing susceptibility to other infections. While many treatments have been reported in teleosts and invertebrates, there are no published treatments for elasmobranchs. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of a commercial formulation of milbemycin oxime and lufenuron in freshwater stingrays for treatment of Argulus spp. Seven juvenile Magdalena river stingrays (Potamotrygon magdalenae) and 10 juvenile smooth back river stingrays (Potamotrygon orbignyi) had severe infestations of Argulus spp. that were identified visually and microscopically. Animals were treated with milbemycin oxime and lufenuron (at 0.015 mg/L and 0.30 mg/L, respectively) in a 6-hr immersion once weekly for two treatments. They were visually examined for skin lesions as well as behavior and appetite daily by animal care staff. A subset of animals was euthanized and necropsied on days 8, 9, 43, and 78 after treatment initiation. There were no Argulus spp. detected at the time of the second treatment. Complete gross and histologic evaluations were completed for all animals. At all time points, no gross abnormalities were detected with the exception of thin body condition in some animals; no Argulus spp. were noted. Histologic lesions were all attributed to poor nutritional state at the time of acquisition. No histologic evidence of acute or chronic toxicosis was detected. The commercial formulation of milbemycin oxime and lufenuron, applied at the dose and for the exposure time used in this study, effectively eradicated Argulus spp. in a population of juvenile P. magdalenae and P. orbignyi, and did not cause mortality or clinical gross or histologic evidence of acute or chronic toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-388
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Argulus spp.
  • Potamotrygon magdalenae
  • Potamotrygon orbignyi
  • freshwater stingray
  • lufenuron
  • milbemycin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'SAFETY AND EFFICACY OF MILBEMYCIN OXIME AND LUFENURON TO TREAT ARGULUS SPP. INFESTATION IN SMOOTH BACK RIVER STINGRAYS (POTAMOTRYGON ORBIGNYI) AND MAGDALENA RIVER STINGRAYS (POTAMOTRYGON MAGDALENAE)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this