Runnemede: An architecture for Ubiquitous High-Performance Computing

Nicholas P. Carter, Aditya Agrawal, Shekhar Borkar, Romain Cledat, Howard David, Dave Dunning, Joshua Fryman, Ivan Ganev, Roger A. Golliver, Rob Knauerhase, Richard Lethin, Benoit Meister, Asit K. Mishra, Wilfred R. Pinfold, Justin Teller, Josep Torrellas, Nicolas Vasilache, Ganesh Venkatesh, Jianping Xu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


DARPA's Ubiquitous High-Performance Computing (UHPC) program asked researchers to develop computing systems capable of achieving energy efficiencies of 50 GOPS/Watt, assuming 2018-era fabrication technologies. This paper describes Runnemede, the research architecture developed by the Intel-led UHPC team. Runnemede is being developed through a co-design process that considers the hardware, the runtime/OS, and applications simultaneously. Near-threshold voltage operation, fine-grained power and clock management, and separate execution units for runtime and application code are used to reduce energy consumption. Memory energy is minimized through application-managed on-chip memory and direct physical addressing. A hierarchical on-chip network reduces communication energy, and a codelet-based execution model supports extreme parallelism and fine-grained tasks. We present an initial evaluation of Runnemede that shows the design process for our on-chip network, demonstrates 2-4x improvements in memory energy from explicit control of on-chip memory, and illustrates the impact of hardware-software co-design on the energy consumption of a synthetic aperture radar algorithm on our architecture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication19th IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture, HPCA 2013
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 2013
Event19th IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture, HPCA 2013 - Shenzhen, China
Duration: Feb 23 2013Feb 27 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Symposium on High-Performance Computer Architecture
ISSN (Print)1530-0897


Other19th IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture, HPCA 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture


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