Rotator side chains trigger cooperative transition for shape and function memory effect in organic semiconductors

Hyunjoong Chung, Dmytro Dudenko, Fengjiao Zhang, Gabriele D'Avino, Christian Ruzié, Audrey Richard, Guillaume Schweicher, Jérôme Cornil, David Beljonne, Yves Geerts, Ying Diao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Martensitic transition is a solid-state phase transition involving cooperative movement of atoms, mostly studied in metallurgy. The main characteristics are low transition barrier, ultrafast kinetics, and structural reversibility. They are rarely observed in molecular crystals, and hence the origin and mechanism are largely unexplored. Here we report the discovery of martensitic transition in single crystals of two different organic semiconductors. In situ microscopy, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, Raman and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and molecular simulations combined indicate that the rotating bulky side chains trigger cooperative transition. Cooperativity enables shape memory effect in single crystals and function memory effect in thin film transistors. We establish a molecular design rule to trigger martensitic transition in organic semiconductors, showing promise for designing next-generation smart multifunctional materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number278
JournalNature communications
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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