This report evaluates the pharmacological responses, urinary detection and mass spectral confirmation of ropivacaine in horses. Ropivacaine, a potent local anesthetic (LA) recently introduced in human medicine, has an estimated highest no-effect close (HNED) of about 0.4 mg/site as determined in our abaxial sesamoid block model. Apparent ropivacaine equivalents were detectable by ELISA screening using a mepivacaine ELISA test after administration of clinically effective doses. Mass spectral examination of postadministration urine samples showed no detectable parent ropivacaine, but a compound indistinguishable from authentic 3-hydroxyropivacaine was recovered from these samples. The study shows that ropivacaine is a potent LA in the horse, that clinically effective doses can be detected in postadministration samples by ELISA-based screening, and that its major post administration urinary metabolite is 3-hydroxyropivacaine.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics|
|State||Published - 2001|
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