Shape-controlled metal nanoparticles are of interest because of their wide range of properties that are useful for applications that include optics, electronics, magnetism, and catalysis. Indium metal is an attractive target for nanoparticle synthesis because it is superconducting, plasmonically active, and is a component in low-melting solders and solid-state lubricants. Indium nanoparticles are typically synthesized using harsh physical or chemical techniques, and rigorous shape control is difficult. Here we present a simple and robust kinetically controlled process for synthesizing shape-controlled indium nanoparticles. By controlling the rate of dropwise addition of a solution of NaBH4 in tetraethylene glycol to an alcoholic solution of InCl3 and poly(vinyl pyrrolidone), indium nanoparticles are formed with shapes that include high aspect ratio nanowires and uniform octahedra and truncated octahedra. The zero-dimensional indium nanoparticles exhibit an SPR band centered around 400 nm, and all morphologies are superconducting (Tc = 3.4 K) with higher critical fields than bulk indium.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry