Role of intergranular constraint on the stress-induced martensitic transformation in textured polycrystalline NiTi

Ken Gall, T. Jesse Lim, David L. McDowell, Huseyin Sehitoglu, Yuriy I. Chumlyakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The influences of grain boundaries and relative grain misorientations on stress-induced martensitic transformations in NiTi are studied using unique experiments and finite element modeling. Tensile and compressive mechanical tests reveal that polycrystalline NiTi with a dominant 〈111〉 fiber texture and single crystal NiTi oriented along the [111] direction exhibit nearly identical stress-strain curves during a stress-induced martensitic transformation. Micro-mechanical finite element simulations of fiber textured polycrystals and single crystals undergoing a multi-variant martensitic transformation confirm the relative indifference of the macroscopic transformation attributes to the presence of grain boundaries. On the microscale, the finite element simulations further reveal that the insensitivity of the transformation to intergranular constraint is linked to the local stress disturbance created by transforming grains. The transformation of grains that are favorably oriented with respect to the loading axis creates local stresses that invariably assist the transformation with respect to the grains, effectively lowering the influence of grain misorientations and boundaries on the macroscopic transformation behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1189-1214
Number of pages26
JournalInternational journal of plasticity
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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