The mode of interaction between Escherichia coli pyruvate oxidase and its cofactor, thiamin pyrophosphate (TPP), was studied with the aid of arginine-directed reagents. The enzyme is rapidly inactivated by either phenylglyoxal or 2,3-butanedione, with the cofactor, TPP, offering partial protection against these reagents. The inactivation by phenylglyoxal was found to be reversible. Experiments with [7-14C]phenylglyoxal showed that while several arginine residues react with this reagent, TPP can prevent the labeling of one such residue. Furthermore, inactivation by 2,3-butanedione is attended by at least a 100-fold decrease in affinity of the enzyme for TPP. These results suggest a direct role for arginine in the binding of the cofactor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - May 1982|
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