Robust GPS-Based timing for phasor measurement units: A Position-Information-Aided approach

Daniel Chou, Liang Heng, Grace Xing Xin Gao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The security and reliability of GPS receivers are critical to Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs). These devices provide synchronized voltage and current phasor measurements in power systems based on GPS timing. However, due to the unencrypted nature and low received signal to noise ratio of civil GPS signals, jamming and spoofing attacks on GPS receivers can pose a risk to both the position and timing solutions. In this work, we aim for robust GPS time transfer for PMUs. We achieve this goal by taking advantage of the static nature of PMUs. We propose a position-information- Aided vector tracking loop to improve tracking capabilities and ensure continued operation through various attacks. To evaluate the effectiveness of the algorithm presented in this paper, we further conduct field experiments. Our test shows that the proposed position-information-aided vector tracking approach 1) improves the robustness of GPS receivers used in PMUs against jamming; 2) is able to successfully detect record-and-reply attacks; and 3) improves the accuracy of timing solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2014
PublisherInstitute of Navigation
Pages1261-1269
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781634399913
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Event27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2014 - Tampa, United States
Duration: Sep 8 2014Sep 12 2014

Publication series

Name27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2014
Volume2

Other

Other27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2014
CountryUnited States
CityTampa
Period9/8/149/12/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Software

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