We study Fabry-Perot interference in hybrid devices, each consisting of a mesoscopic superconducting disk deposited on the surface of a three-dimensional topological insulator. Such structures are hypothesized to contain protected zero modes known as Majorana fermions bound to vortices. The interference manifests as periodic conductance oscillations of magnitude ∼ 0.1 e 2 / h. These oscillations show no strong dependence on bulk carrier density or sample thickness, suggesting that they result from phase coherent transport in surface states. However, the Fabry-Perot interference can be tuned by both top and back gates, implying strong electrostatic coupling between the top and bottom surfaces of topological insulator.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)