Risk-informed emergency response via spatio-temporal socio-technical risk analysis

J. Pence, Z. Mohaghegh, E. Kee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Catastrophic events have made it clear that integrating physical and social causes of failure into a cohesive modeling framework is critical in order to prevent the undesirable consequences of large-scale complex technological accidents. This paper reports on the status of on-going research to develop (1) a theoretical socio-technical causal framework to explicitly incorporate underlying failure mechanisms into Emergency Response (ER) modeling, (2) a methodological technique to create a Spatio-Temporal Socio-Technical Risk Analysis (ST-SoTeRiA) in order to operationalize and quantify the theoretical framework, and (3) a multi-faceted decision making methodology to utilize ST-SoTeRiA for risk-informed ER applications. This research is the first to explicitly incorporate spatial dimensions into socio-technical risk analysis, while being connected with Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) logic. The results of this research will be helpful in protecting public health and safety if a severe Nuclear Power Plant accident leading to a large radiological release should occur

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSafety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems - Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015
EditorsLuca Podofillini, Bruno Sudret, Božidar Stojadinović, Enrico Zio, Wolfgang Kröger
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Pages4375-4383
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9781138028791
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Event25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015 - Zurich, Swaziland
Duration: Sep 7 2015Sep 10 2015

Publication series

NameSafety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems - Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015

Other

Other25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015
CountrySwaziland
CityZurich
Period9/7/159/10/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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