Rhamnus cathartica: Native and naturalized distribution and habitat preferences

J. S. Kurylo, K. S. Knight, J. R. Stewart, A. G. Endress

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Rhamnus cathartica L. is a large shrub or small tree native throughout much of Europe and eastern Asia, but invasive in North America. In this review, the current native and invasive distributions of R. cathartica are documented and possible factors limiting its naturalized distribution are considered. Within its broad distribution, R. cathartica occurs in diverse habitats ranging from urban forests to fens. Rhamnus cathartica is shade tolerant, prefers disturbed areas with moist, but not saturated, soils and may have an affinity for alkaline soils high in calcium carbonate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-430
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Torrey Botanical Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2007


  • Buckthorn
  • Calciophile
  • Distribution
  • Disturbance
  • Rhamnus cathartica
  • Soil moisture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science


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