Review of benefits and challenges of vehicle-to-grid technology

Murat Yilmaz, Philip T Krein

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) can behave either as loads or as distributed energy sources in a concept known as vehicle-to-grid (V2G). The V2G concept can improve the performance of the electricity grid in areas such as efficiency, stability, and reliability. A V2G-capable vehicle offers reactive power support, active power regulation, tracking of variable renewable energy sources, load balancing, and current harmonic filtering. These technologies can enable ancillary services, such as voltage and frequency control and spinning reserve. Costs of V2G include battery degradation, the need for intensive communication between the vehicles and the grid, effects on grid distribution equipment, infrastructure changes, and social, political, cultural and technical obstacles. Although V2G operation can reduce the lifetime of PEVs, it is projected to be more economical for vehicle owners and grid operators. This paper reviews these benefits and challenges of V2G technology for both individual vehicles and vehicle fleets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012
Pages3082-3089
Number of pages8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 2012
Event4th Annual IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012 - Raleigh, NC, United States
Duration: Sep 15 2012Sep 20 2012

Publication series

Name2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012

Other

Other4th Annual IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012
CountryUnited States
CityRaleigh, NC
Period9/15/129/20/12

Keywords

  • Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs)
  • ancillary services
  • distribution system
  • emissions
  • grid operator
  • grid-to-vehicle (G2V)
  • vehicle-to-grid (V2G)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

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  • Cite this

    Yilmaz, M., & Krein, P. T. (2012). Review of benefits and challenges of vehicle-to-grid technology. In 2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012 (pp. 3082-3089). [6342356] (2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012). https://doi.org/10.1109/ECCE.2012.6342356