Revealing the role of the cathode–electrolyte interface on solid-state batteries

Beniamin Zahiri, Arghya Patra, Chadd Kiggins, Adrian Xiao Bin Yong, Elif Ertekin, John B. Cook, Paul V. Braun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Interfaces have crucial, but still poorly understood, roles in the performance of secondary solid-state batteries. Here, using crystallographically oriented and highly faceted thick cathodes, we directly assess the impact of cathode crystallography and morphology on the long-term performance of solid-state batteries. The controlled interface crystallography, area and microstructure of these cathodes enables an understanding of interface instabilities unknown (hidden) in conventional thin-film and composite solid-state electrodes. A generic and direct correlation between cell performance and interface stability is revealed for a variety of both lithium- and sodium-based cathodes and solid electrolytes. Our findings highlight that minimizing interfacial area, rather than its expansion as is the case in conventional composite cathodes, is key to both understanding the nature of interface instabilities and improving cell performance. Our findings also point to the use of dense and thick cathodes as a way of increasing the energy density and stability of solid-state batteries.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNature Materials
DOIs
StatePublished - May 20 2021

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