Retrospective multicentric study comparing durations of surgery and anesthesia and likelihoods of short- And long-term complications between cats positioned in sternal or dorsal recumbency for perineal urethrostomy

Alicia K. Nye, Jill K. Luther, F. A. Mann, Kelley Thieman Mankin, Heidi Phillips, Kelsey J. Goode, Pamela Schwartz, Nathan T. Squire, Jeffrey J. Runge, Elizabeth A. Swanson, Danielle R. Dugat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To compare the durations of surgery and anesthesia and the likelihoods of short- and long-term postoperative complications between cats positioned in sternal recumbency versus dorsal recumbency for perineal urethrostomy (PU). ANIMALS 247 client-owned cats that underwent PU between January 2004 and December 2015 at 6 veterinary teaching hospitals and 1 private veterinary referral hospital. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed, and signalment, presenting complaints, previous history of urethral obstruction or PU, diet fed, medications administered, indication for PU, durations of surgery and anesthesia for PU, suture type and size, suture pattern for skin closure, and short- and long-term postoperative complications were recorded. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify differences in durations of surgery and anesthesia and the likelihoods of short- and long-term complications between cats positioned in sternal recumbency and those positioned in dorsal recumbency. RESULTS Patient position was not associated with durations of surgery and anesthesia for PU, even if a concurrent cystotomy was necessary or the patient required repositioning from sternal to dorsal recumbency. Likewise, patient position was not associated with the likelihood of short- and long-term complications. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE The observed lack of differences in outcomes between sternal and dorsal recumbency suggested that logistic considerations and personal preference can continue to guide veterinarians when positioning cats for PU.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-182
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume257
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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