Retiring replicants: Congestion control for intermittently-connected networks

Nathanael Thompson, Samuel C. Nelson, Mehedi Bakht, Tarek Abdelzaher, Robin Kravets

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The widespread availability of mobile wireless devices offers growing opportunities for the formation of temporary networks with only intermittent connectivity. These intermittently-connected networks (ICNs) typically lack stable end-to-end paths. In order to improve the delivery rates of the networks, new store-carry-and-forward protocols have been proposed which often use message replication as a forwarding mechanism. Message replication is effective at improving delivery, but given the limited resources of ICN nodes, such as buffer space, bandwidth and energy, as well as the highly dynamic nature of these networks, replication can easily overwhelm node resources. In this work we propose a novel node-based replication management algorithm which addresses buffer congestion by dynamically limiting the replication a node performs during each encounter. The insight for our algorithm comes from a stochastic model of message delivery in ICNs with constrained buffer space. We show through simulation that our algorithm is effective, nearly tripling delivery rates in some scenarios, and imposes no or little overhead.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2010 Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM
StatePublished - 2010
EventIEEE INFOCOM 2010 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 14 2010Mar 19 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE INFOCOM
ISSN (Print)0743-166X


Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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