A novel description of kinetic theory dynamics is proposed in terms of resummed moments that embed information of both hydrodynamic and nonhydrodynamic modes. The resulting expansion can be used to extend hydrodynamics to higher orders in a consistent and numerically efficient way; at lowest order it reduces to an Israel-Stewart-like theory. This formalism is especially suited to investigate the general problem of particles interacting with fields. We tested the accuracy of this approach against the exact solution of the coupled Boltzmann-Vlasov-Maxwell equations for a plasma in an electromagnetic field undergoing Bjorken-like expansion, including extreme cases characterized by large deviations from local equilibrium and large electric fields. We show that this new resummed method maintains the fast convergence of the traditional method of moments. We also find a new condition, unrelated to Knudsen numbers and pressure corrections, that justifies the truncation of the series even in situations far from local thermal equilibrium.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)