A third generation flowing liquid lithium (FLiLi) limiter with a substrate made of TZM, an alloy with >99% Mo, was fabricated by conventional manufacturing techniques. TZM has a high corrosion resistance, a high sputtering threshold, and a good wettability to Li, as compared to stainless steel (SS), which had been used as an FLiLi substrate surface in 2014 and 2016. The third generation FLiLi was inserted into the edge in EAST H-mode plasmas in an upper single-null configuration with an ion grad-B drift toward the upper divertor with a limiter temperature of 330-380 °C and an auxiliary heating power of about 2-8 MW. Analysis has shown that by using TZM FLiLi, fuel particle recycling continuously decreased and near-complete edge localized mode elimination was achieved in H-mode plasmas with RF-only heating. The main impurities during the initial FLiLi discharges were Mo, Fe, and W resulting from strong plasma interaction at the Mo plate side, the SS collector, and the upper W divertor. Plasma stored energy increased by about 10 kJ in subsequent FLiLi discharges due to decreased impurity radiation. Engineering analysis shows a uniform lithium flow with an ∼80% Li coverage ratio on the limiter surface, similar to the second FLiLi, even though only one of two J × B pumps was functioning. Despite technical difficulties, the FLiLi gen.3 improved the overall plasma performance, providing support for flowing liquid Li plasma facing component applications in present and future devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics