Response of ancestral soybean lines and commercial cultivars to rhizoctonia root and hypocotyl rot

C. A. Bradley, G. L. Hartman, R. L. Nelson, D. S. Mueller, W. L. Pedersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rhizoctonia root and hypocotyl rot is a common disease of soybean caused by Rhizoctonia solani. There are no commercial cultivars marketed as resistant to Rhizoctonia root and hypocotyl rot, and only a few sources of partial resistance to this disease have been reported. Ninety ancestral soybean lines, maturity groups (MGs) 000 to X, and 700 commercial cultivars, MGs II to IV, were evaluated for resistance to R. solani under greenhouse conditions. Most of the ancestral lines and cultivars evaluated were susceptible; however, 21 of the ancestral lines and 20 of the commercial cultivars were partially resistant. Of the 21 ancestral lines, CNS, Mandarin (Ottawa), and Jackson are in the pedigree of cultivars previously reported as being partially resistant to R. solani. In an additional study, dry root weights of 21 soybean cultivars were evaluated after inoculation with R. solani. Variation in dry root weight occurred among cultivars, but there was not a significant (P=0.05) correlation between dry root weight and disease severity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1091-1095
Number of pages5
JournalPlant disease
Volume85
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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