Respiratory Oxygen Uptake Is Not Decreased by an Instantaneous Elevation of [CO2], but Is Increased with Long-Term Growth in the Field at Elevated [CO2]

Phillip A. Davey, Stephen Hunt, Graham J. Hymus, Evan H. DeLucia, Bert G. Drake, David F. Karnosky, Stephen P. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Averaged across many previous investigations, doubling the CO2 concentration ([CO2]) has frequently been reported to cause an instantaneous reduction of leaf dark respiration measured as CO2 efflux. No known mechanism accounts for this effect, and four recent studies have shown that the measurement of respiratory CO2 efflux is prone to experimental artifacts that could account for the reported response. Here, these artifacts are avoided by use of a high-resolution dual channel oxygen analyzer within an open gas exchange system to measure respiratory O 2 uptake in normal air. Leaf O2 uptake was determined in response to instantaneous elevation of [CO2] in nine contrasting species and to long-term elevation in seven species from four field experiments. Over six hundred separate measurements of respiration failed to reveal any decrease in respiratory O2 uptake with an instantaneous increase in [CO2]. Respiration was found insensitive not only to doubling [CO2], but also to a 5-fold increase and to decrease to zero. Using a wide range of species and conditions, we confirm earlier reports that inhibition of respiration by instantaneous elevation of [CO2] is likely an experimental artifact. Instead of the expected decrease in respiration per unit leaf area in response to long-term growth in the field at elevated [CO2], there was a significant increase of 11% and 7% on an area and mass basis, respectively, averaged across all experiments. The findings suggest that leaf dark respiration will increase not decrease as atmospheric [CO2] rises.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)520-527
Number of pages8
JournalPlant physiology
Volume134
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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