Resource recovery and biorefinery potential of apple orchard waste in the circular bioeconomy

Shiyi Qin, Balendu Shekher Giri, Anil Kumar Patel, Taner Sar, Huimin Liu, Hongyu Chen, Ankita Juneja, Deepak Kumar, Zengqiang Zhang, Mukesh Kumar Awasthi, Mohammad J Taherzadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


In this review investigate the apple orchard waste (AOW) is potential organic resources to produce multi-product and there sustainable interventions with biorefineries approaches to assesses the apple farm industrial bioeconomy. The thermochemical and biological processes like anaerobic digestion, composting and , etc., that generate distinctive products like bio-chemicals, biofuels, biofertilizers, animal feed and biomaterial, etc can be employed for AOW valorization. Integrating these processes can enhanced the yield and resource recovery sustainably. Thus, employing biorefinery approaches with allied different methods can link to the progression of circular bioeconomy. This review article mainly focused on the different biological processes and thermochemical that can be occupied for the production of waste to-energy and multi-bio-product in a series of reaction based on sustainability. Therefore, the biorefinery for AOW move towards identification of the serious of the reaction with each individual thermochemical and biological processes for the conversion of one-dimensional providences to circular bioeconomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124496
Pages (from-to)124496
JournalBioresource Technology
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • Animals
  • Biofuels
  • Composting
  • Industry
  • Malus
  • Bio-based products
  • Circular bioeconomy
  • Biorefineries
  • Apple orchard waste
  • Bioenergy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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