Resonant Confinement of an Excitonic Polariton and Ultraefficient Light Harvest in Artificial Photosynthesis

Yong Cong Chen, Bo Song, Anthony J Leggett, Ping Ao, Xiaomei Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We uncover a novel phenomenon from a recent artificial light-harvesting experiment [P.-Z. Chen et al., Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 55, 2759 (2016)ACIEAY0570-083310.1002/anie.201510503] on organic nanocrystals of self-assembled difluoroboron chromophores. A resonant confinement of a polariton under strong photon-exciton coupling is predicted to exist within the microcavity of the crystal's own natural boundaries. Moreover, the radiative energy of a localized exciton falls into the spectrum of confinement. Hence, in the experiment, the spontaneous emission of an excited pigment would undergo a two-step process. It should first decay to an excitonic polariton trapped by the cavity resonance. The intermediate polariton could then funnel the energy directly to a doped acceptor, leading to the over 90% transfer efficiency observed at less than 1/1000 acceptor/donor ratio. The proposed mechanism is supported by parameter-free analyses entirely based on experiment data. Our finding may imply possible polariton-mediated pathways for energy transfers in biological photosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number257402
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume122
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 27 2019

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photosynthesis
polaritons
excitons
funnels
pigments
spontaneous emission
chromophores
nanocrystals
energy transfer
cavities
energy
photons
decay
crystals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Resonant Confinement of an Excitonic Polariton and Ultraefficient Light Harvest in Artificial Photosynthesis. / Chen, Yong Cong; Song, Bo; Leggett, Anthony J; Ao, Ping; Zhu, Xiaomei.

In: Physical review letters, Vol. 122, No. 25, 257402, 27.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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