The structural and electronic properties of the [2Fe-2S] clusters in reduced putidaredoxin, Spinacea oleracea ferredoxin, and Clostridium pasteurianum [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin have been investigated by resonance Raman and variable temperature magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopies. Both techniques are shown to provide diagnostic fingerprints for identifying [2Fe- 2S]+ clusters in more complex multicomponent metalloenzymes. The Fe-S stretching modes of oxidized and reduced putidaredoxin are assigned via 34S and D2O isotope shifts and previous normal mode calculations for adrenodoxin (Han, S., Czernuszewicz, R. S., Kimura, T., Adams, M. W. W., and Spiro, T. G. (1989) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 3505-3511). The close similarity in the resonance Raman spectra of reduced [2Fe-2S] centers, in terms of both the vibrational frequencies and enhancement profiles of the Fe-S stretching modes, permits these assignments to be generalized to all clusters of this type. Modes primarily involving Fe(III)-S(Cys) stretching are identified in all three reduced [2Fe-2S] proteins, and the frequencies are rationalized in terms of the conformation of the cysteine residues ligating the Fe(III) site of the localized valence reduced cluster. D2O isotope shifts indicate few, if any, amide NH-S hydrogen bond interactions involving the cysteines ligating the Fe(III) site. Preliminary resonance Raman excitation profiles suggest assignments for the complex pattern of electronic bands that comprise the low temperature magnetic circular dichroism spectra of the reduced proteins. S → Fe(III) and Fe(II) → S charge transfer, Fe d-d, and Fe(II) → Fe(III) intervalence bands are identified.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology