A novel fluorescence emission difference technique is proposed for further enhancements of the lateral resolution in surface plasmoncoupled emission microscopy (SPCEM). In the proposed method, the difference between the image with phase modulation by using a 0-2π vortex phase plate (VPP) along with a diaphragm and the original image obtained from SPCEM is used to estimate the spatial distribution of the analyzed sample. By optimizing the size of the diaphragm and the subtractive factor, the lateral resolution can be enhanced by about 20% and 33%, compared with that in SPCEM with a single 0-2π VPP and conventional wide-field fluorescence microscopy, respectively. Related simulation results are presented to verify the capability of the proposed method for improving lateral resolution and reducing imaging distortion. It is believed that the proposed method has potentials to improve the performance of SPCEM, thus facilitating biological observation and research.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics