Resistance exercise increases active MMP and β1-Integrin protein expression in skeletal muscle

Riki Ogasawara, Koichi Nakazato, Koji Sato, Marni D. Boppart, Satoshi Fujita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent studies indicate that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and critical linkage proteins in the extracellular matrix (ECM) regulate skeletal muscle mass, although the effects of resistance training (RT) on protein expression and activity are unclear. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of RT on MMP activity and expression of ECM-related proteins. Ten male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to 1 bout (1B) or 18 bouts (18B) of electrical stimulation. The right gastrocnemius muscle was isometrically contracted via percutaneous electrical stimulation (five sets of 5 sec stimulation × five contractions/set with 5 sec interval between contractions and 3 min rest between sets) once (1B) or every other day for 5 weeks (18B). The left leg served as a control. Activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9, determined via gelatin zymography, was increased (P < 0.05) immediately after 1B. However, MMP activation was not evident following 18B. No changes in collagen IV, laminin α2, α7-integrin, or ILK protein expression were detected immediately following 1B or 18B. However, β1-integrin protein expression was significantly increased (P < 0.05) with 18B. Our results suggest that resistance exercise activates MMPs during the initial phase of RT but this response is attenuated with continuation of RT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12212
JournalPhysiological Reports
Volume2
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Gelatinases
  • Integrin
  • Muscle hypertrophy
  • mTOR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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