Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study outlines the distinction between (1) residual stresses at an ideal crack tip, undergoing reversed deformation in the absence of crack closure, and (2) additional residual stresses generated due to plasticity induced closure upon fatigue crack growth. Residual stresses resulting from reversed deformation in plane strain were higher compared to the plane stress case, while residual stresses generated behind the crack tip were more significant in plane stress compared to plane strain. The origin of these residual stresses was studied for two specimen geometries over a wide range of loading conditions. We define a new crack tip parameter, Stt as the applied stress level that corresponds to the development of tensile stresses immediately ahead of crack tips. The Stt levels were significantly higher for a fatigue crack than for an ideal crack. We attribute the difference in Stt levels between these two cases to plasticity induced closure. The results demonstrate the importance of the Stt parameter, since the stresses ahead of crack tips could remain compressive even when the crack surfaces are open. Moreover, the study emphasizes the need, when describing fatigue crack growth, to incorporate both the closure concept and residual stress field ahead of a crack tip.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-128
Number of pages14
JournalFatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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