Research on Evaluation Influence in India: Theorizing Beyond Process and Results to Design

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This study analyzes evaluation influence theories to understand their unified contributions to a conceptual framework for research on evaluation influence (RoEI) in non-western contexts. Specifically, these theories are analyzed according to their usefulness for interpreting the consequences of the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER)—a cyclical, large-scale educational monitoring and evaluation effort in India. An ethnographic case study of ASER facilitates an empirical investigation of the field's evaluation influence theories and uncovers a new source of influence—evaluation design. The study's findings challenge a common belief in the field: that evaluation process and results are the two fountainheads of evaluation impact. Design, as a distinct third source of influence, gives rise to a novel form of evaluation consequence—design diffusion. The phenomenon of design diffusion illuminates why ASER's model for evaluation has been adopted by several other Global South nations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Evaluation
StateAccepted/In press - 2021


  • evaluation design
  • evaluation influence
  • evaluation theory
  • India
  • research on evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Strategy and Management


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