Required Templates: An Assemblage Theory Analysis of How Template Character Limits Influence the Writing of DIY Online Grant Proposals

John R. Gallagher, Anna Wysocka, Steven Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Identifying the effects of online templates, such as empty state pages (ESPs), sheds light on the user writing habits and best practices for user design. By using assemblage theory and extending previous studies of ESPs to grant proposal writing on the crowded-funded website, this large-scale study (n = 778) finds that required fields are more likely to be filled to the character limit than optional fields.  .

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-62
Number of pages13
JournalTechnical Communication Quarterly
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023


  • Interface design
  • design of communication
  • digital technologies
  • grant writing
  • human-computer interaction
  • information design
  • templates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Communication

Cite this