Reptile Cardiology

Mark A. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Cardiovascular disease in reptiles generally is considered an uncommon finding in captive animals, but no large-scale, cross-sectional studies have been performed to determine its prevalence. It is possible that cardiovascular disease is more common than is generally accepted and that the current belief results from limited clinical and diagnostic experience. This article offers guidance drawn from the author's clinical experience and the available literature. It is important that veterinarians pursue a thorough history, physical examination, and diagnostic work-up when managing cardiovascular disease in a reptile case. Veterinarians working with these cases should document their findings and share them with their colleagues to build an evidence-based foundation for reptile medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-79
Number of pages15
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Exotic Animal Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009


  • Blood
  • Cardiology
  • Heart
  • Reptile
  • Vascular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals

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