Pretreatment of mice with clofibrate (CFB) has been shown to protect against acetaminophen (APAP) hepatotoxicity. To determine if pretreatment with CFB prevents the toxicity of other model hepatotoxicants, male C57BL6J or CD-1 mice received 500 mg CFB/kg, i.p., daily for 10 days, and then were challenged with either 250 mg bromobenzene (BrB)/kg, 0.025 ml carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)/kg or 0.5 ml chloroform (CHCl3)/kg. Liver and kidney injury was assessed by plasma sorbitol dehydrogenase activity (SDH) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), respectively and histopathology. Challenge with BrB significantly elevated plasma SDH activity in C57B16J mice. This was prevented in CFB pretreated mice receiving the same dose of BrB. Changes in BUN were not detected in either group of BrB treated mice. Similarly, pretreatment of male CD-1 mice with CFB significantly reduced CCl4-induced elevation in plasma SDH activity, with no BUN elevation detected in either group. CFB pretreatment also diminished elevation in plasma SDH activity produced by CHCl3 in CD-1 mice, while BUN was significantly elevated in both groups, indicating that CFB did not protect against CHCl3-induced nephrotoxicity. Histopathological examination of liver and kidney sections confirmed these results. This study shows that mice pretreated with CFB were protected from toxicity at 24 h after challenge with other model hepatotoxic agents besides APAP.
- Carbon tetrachloride
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