Repair of a coracoid luxation and a tibiotarsal fracture in a Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman, Loretta J. Bubenik, Susanne K. Lauer, Sunil Vasanjee, Mark A. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A 4.5-kg, adult bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) was presented after being found unable to fly. Crepitus was palpated in the left shoulder; however, the wing position was normal. Radiographs revealed caudoventral luxation of the left coracoid, affecting its distal articulation with the clavicle and its proximal articulation with the sternum. The luxation affecting the coracoid-sternum articulation was repaired by using a 4-hole, 1.5-mm T-plate and a 6-hole, 2.0-mm dynamic compression plate (DCP) placed side by side. The luxation affecting the coracoid and the clavicle was repaired by 2 cerclage wires in a simple interrupted pattern. Before a scheduled release, the bird sustained a closed, complete mid diaphyseal transverse fracture of the right tibiotarsus, which most likely occurred during recapture from the flight cage. The fracture was surgically repaired with 2 circumferential cerclage wires, an intramedullary Kirschner wire and one 10-hole, 2.7-mm DCP. The bird was successfully released. 105 days after the first surgery, near the location where it was found.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-195
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of avian medicine and surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Avian
  • Bald eagle
  • Coracoid
  • Fracture
  • Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  • Luxation
  • Plate fixation
  • Tibiotarsus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals


Dive into the research topics of 'Repair of a coracoid luxation and a tibiotarsal fracture in a Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this