Removal of fiber from distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) to increase value

Vijay Singh, Robert A. Moreau, Kevin B. Hicks, Ronald L. Belyea, Charles H. Staff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study was undertaken to investigate the possibility of using air aspiration to remove fiber from distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), produced from fuel ethanol and beverage alcohol cereal grain dry-grind processes. The aspirated fraction was called "aspirated DDGS" and the remaining fraction (original DDGS without the aspirated fraction) was called "residual DDGS." Aspirated DDGS fractions were analyzed for individual and total phytosterol composition. Phytosterols are high-valued nutraceutical compounds that can be recovered from grain fiber fractions. The residual DDGS (original DDGS after the removal of fiber) was analyzed for fat, protein, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, and ash content. The study showed limited success in removal of the fiber from the original DDGS fraction. Fiber content was only slightly enriched in the aspirated DDGS fraction compared to the residual DDGS fractions. Slightly better results (in terms of fiber enrichment) were seen with DDGS samples from certain dry-grind plants compared to the DDGS samples from other plants. These differences could be due to the differences in the milling/processing conditions of the plants. Although slight enrichment of fiber was obtained in the aspirated DDGS fraction as compared to the original DDGS, no significant enrichment of the phytosterols was noticed in the aspirated DDGS fraction. Due to aspiration, slight enrichment of oil and protein was observed in the residual DDGS fraction compared to the original DDGS. The increased oil and protein and decreased fiber content of the residual DDGS could result in increased market value of the residual DDGS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-392
Number of pages4
JournalTransactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Volume45
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2002

Keywords

  • Aspiration
  • Corn fiber
  • Distillers dried grains with solubles
  • Dry-grind ethanol
  • Phytosterols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Removal of fiber from distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) to increase value'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this