Releases of Spalangia nigroaenea and Muscidifurax zaraptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) Increase Rates of Parasitism and Total Mortality of Stable Fly and House Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Pupae in Illinois Cattle Feedlots

Richard A. Weinzierl, Carl J. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Weekly releases of Spalangia nigroaenea Curtis and Mucidifurax zaraptor Kogan & Legner from May through August of 1991-1993 at small, owner-operated cattle feedlots in Illinois provided weekly emergence of 100-300 parasitoids of each species per feedlot animal. In assessments based on fly and parasitoid emergence from >47,000 stable fly and house fly puparia collected during the 3-yr period, total stable fly mortality was greater in lots where releases were made (60.7%) than in paired, untreated control lots (51.7%) (P = 0.04; paired t-test); parasitism of stable fly pupae by S. nigroaenea averaged 11.6% where releases were made and 6.4% in paired control lots (P = 0.0016). In lots where releases were made, total mortality of house fly pupae was greater (68.7 versus 56.1%; P = 0.0001); unexplained mortality was greater (55.5 versus 46.1%; P = 0.0018); and parasitism by Muscidifurax spp. was greater (2.4 versus 1.4%; P = 0.07) than in paired control lots. Parasitism, unexplained mortality, and total mortality of both fly species varied significantly from 1991 to 1992 in lots that received the same treatment each year, presumably due primarily to weather. Over the 3-yr period, releasing these species, particularly S. nigroaenea, significantly reduced production of stable fly and house fly adults in cattle feedlots. The potential value of such reductions is likely to vary as a result of feedlot conditions and weather.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1114-1121
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of economic entomology
Volume91
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1998

Keywords

  • Biological control
  • Musca domestica
  • Muscidifurax zaraptor
  • Parasitoids
  • Spalangia nigroaenea
  • Stomoxys calcitrans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Insect Science

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