TY - JOUR

T1 - Relativistic models for binary neutron stars with arbitrary spins

AU - Marronetti, Pedro

AU - Shapiro, Stuart L.

N1 - Copyright:
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - We introduce a new numerical scheme for solving the initial value problem for quasiequilibrium binary neutron stars allowing for arbitrary spins. The coupled Einstein field equations and equations of relativistic hydrodynamics are solved in the Wilson-Mathews conformal thin sandwich formalism. We construct sequences of circular-orbit binaries of varying separation, keeping the rest mass and circulation constant along each sequence. Solutions are presented for configurations obeying an [Formula Presented] polytropic equation of state and spinning parallel and antiparallel to the orbital angular momentum. We treat stars with moderate compaction [Formula Presented] and high compaction [Formula Presented] For all but the highest circulation sequences, the spins of the neutron stars increase as the binary separation decreases. Our zero-circulation cases approximate irrotational sequences, for which the spin angular frequencies of the stars increases by 13% [11%] of the orbital frequency for [Formula Presented] [Formula Presented] by the time the innermost circular orbit is reached. In addition to leaving an imprint on the inspiral gravitational waveform, this spin effect is measurable in the electromagnetic signal if one of the stars is a pulsar visible from Earth.

AB - We introduce a new numerical scheme for solving the initial value problem for quasiequilibrium binary neutron stars allowing for arbitrary spins. The coupled Einstein field equations and equations of relativistic hydrodynamics are solved in the Wilson-Mathews conformal thin sandwich formalism. We construct sequences of circular-orbit binaries of varying separation, keeping the rest mass and circulation constant along each sequence. Solutions are presented for configurations obeying an [Formula Presented] polytropic equation of state and spinning parallel and antiparallel to the orbital angular momentum. We treat stars with moderate compaction [Formula Presented] and high compaction [Formula Presented] For all but the highest circulation sequences, the spins of the neutron stars increase as the binary separation decreases. Our zero-circulation cases approximate irrotational sequences, for which the spin angular frequencies of the stars increases by 13% [11%] of the orbital frequency for [Formula Presented] [Formula Presented] by the time the innermost circular orbit is reached. In addition to leaving an imprint on the inspiral gravitational waveform, this spin effect is measurable in the electromagnetic signal if one of the stars is a pulsar visible from Earth.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.68.104024

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.68.104024

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85039032959

VL - 68

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

SN - 1550-7998

IS - 10

ER -