Relationships With Important Nonparental Adults and Positive Youth Development: An Examination of Youth Self-Regulatory Strengths as Mediators

Edmond P. Bowers, G. John Geldhof, Kristina L. Schmid, Christopher M. Napolitano, Kelly Minor, Jacqueline V. Lerner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Youth relationships with important nonparental adults (INAs) influence adolescent development. However, prior studies have not simultaneously examined the quantity and quality of INA relationships in predicting youth outcomes, nor have prior studies considered mediators of these constructs. In a sample of tenth through twelfth graders, we modeled the relationships among quantity and quality of INA relationships, intentional self-regulation, hopeful future expectations, and the Five Cs of positive youth development. Hopeful future expectations mediated relations between quantity and youth confidence, character, and caring and between emotional closeness and youth confidence. Finally, youth intentional self-regulation predicted changes in character.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-316
Number of pages19
JournalResearch in Human Development
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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