Relationships between self-determination theory and theory of planned behavior applied to physical activity and exercise behavior in chronic pain

Jessica M. Brooks, Kanako Iwanaga, Chung Yi Chiu, Brandi Parker Cotton, Jon Deiches, Blaise Morrison, Erin Moser, Fong Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined the relationships between self-determination theory (SDT) and theory of planned behavior (TpB) applied to physical activity and exercise behavior (PA&E) in people with chronic pain. Two hundred and eleven adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain (28 males and 183 females, age range 18 to 82 years, mean age 43 years) were recruited from online support groups and clinic networks in the United States. Participants completed SDT measures relevant to PA&E on perceived autonomy support, autonomy, competence, and relatedness, as well as TpB measures relevant to PA&E on intention, attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control. Correlational techniques and canonical correlation analysis were performed to examine the relationships and variance within and between theoretical dimensions. Overall, the SDT set accounted for 37% of the TpB variance and the TpB set accounted for 32% of the SDT set variance. The results indicate there are statistical similarities and differences between concepts in SDT and TpB models for PA&E. Using both empirical guidance and clinical expertise, researchers and practitioners should attempt to select and integrate non-redundant and complementary components from SDT, TpB, and other related health behavior theories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)814-822
Number of pages9
JournalPsychology, Health and Medicine
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 9 2017

Keywords

  • Pain
  • exercise
  • motivation
  • physical activity
  • self-determination theory
  • theory of planned behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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