Relationships among early postmortem loin quality and aged loin and pork chop quality characteristics between barrows and gilts

J. E. Lowell, M. F. Overholt, B. N. Harsh, C. A. Stahl, Anna Carol Dilger, Dustin Dee Boler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rapid assessment of pork quality by packers necessitates using early postmortem (~1 d) traits as an indication of aged pork quality (~14 d). Efforts have been made to develop a grading system based on color and marbling of the ventral side of boneless loins. In order for this system to be successful, there must be a correlation between early postmortem quality traits observed by packers and the same traits observed by consumers after aging. However, the strength and direction of those correlations are unclear. It is also unknown if the correlations between early and aged postmortem quality differ between barrows (B) and gilts (G). Therefore, the objectives were to determine correlations between early postmortem loin quality characteristics and aged loin quality characteristics, and determine if those correlations differed between barrows and gilts. Early postmortem (~1 d) quality traits included: instrumental and subjective color, marbling and firmness, and loin pH on the ventral surface of the loin. Loins were aged until 14 d postmortem in vacuum packages. Aged quality traits included traits evaluated early as well as shear force and cook loss. Correlations were compared between barrows and gilts using a Fisher's z test. Overall, early subjective firmness scores of barrows were greater (P < 0.001) than those of gilts. No other early quality traits differed between sexes. Early pH was correlated with aged pH (r = 0.80 B; 0.75 G), ventral lightness (r = -0.57 B; -0.54 G), ventral yellowness (r = -0.55 B; -0.55 G), subjective ventral color (r = 0.55, B; 0.41 G), and subjective chop color (r = 0.42 B; 0.44 G). Correlations of early pH and aged quality did not differ between sexes. Early lightness was correlated with aged ventral pH (r = -0.56) and subjective color (r = -0.39) in barrows but not gilts (P = 0.04). Early lightness was correlated with aged lightness (r = 0.60 B; 0.51 G) and yellowness (r = 0.49 B; 0.55 G), but was not correlated with to any aged chop quality traits. Early marbling was correlated with ventral color (r = 0.42) in barrows and ventral marbling (r = 0.67 B; 0.66 G) and chop marbling (r = 0.57 B; 0.59 G) in barrows and gilts. In summary, early pH and lightness were correlated with aged quality characteristics and correlations rarely differed between barrows and gilts. Sex does not need to be accounted for when relating early and aged quality characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)607-619
Number of pages13
JournalTranslational Animal Science
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • Aged loin quality
  • Correlation
  • Loin quality
  • Pork
  • Quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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