Relationship quality and depressive symptoms among adolescents: A short-term multiwave investigation of longitudinal, reciprocal associations

Caroline W. Oppenheimer, Benjamin L. Hankin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study used a multiwave design to examine the short-term longitudinal and bidirectional associations between depressive symptoms and peer relationship qualities among a sample of early to middle adolescents (N = 350, 6th-10th graders). Youth completed self-report measures of relationship quality and depressive symptoms at three time points spaced about 5 weeks apart. Results indicated that depressive symptoms predicted increases in negative qualities and decreases in positive qualities. However, neither positive nor negative relationship qualities predicted increases in depressive symptoms. Findings inform a developmentally based interpersonal model of depression by advancing knowledge on the longitudinal direction of effects between depressive symptoms and relationship quality in adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)486-493
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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