Relationship between physical activity and environment in Shanghai, China: Analysis and evaluation in adults aged 45-80

Y. Zhang, L. Chen, W. Zhu, X. Liu, D. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim. The aim of the study was to investigate the associations between physical activity level, social demographic characteristics and environment in Chinese middle-aged and older adults, and to evaluate the physical activity-related environment of urban areas. Methods. Sociodemographics and perceived environment were assessed by questionnaires distributed to 1100 participants, aged 45-80 years, of 13 selected communities belonging to three districts from urban centers, subcivic centers and suburbs of Shanghai between April-October 2009. Physical activity was measured by a pedometer. The analysis of relationship between physical activity and environment and the evaluation of communities and districts of Shanghai were conducted with the method of gray correlation analysis in January-June, 2010. Results. Bivariate relationship analysis showed how employment status, education, "whether walking is the main exercise", health status have positive and body mass index has negative associations with physical activity; bodybuilding club, traffic safety, street design, ground surface, crossing the street and activity environment are the largest six factors affecting physical activities. The order of comprehensive evaluation of the three districts is: LuWan, YangPu and MinHang; the order of 13 communities is: N3 > N2 > N4 > N,0 > N9 > N n > N7 > N 6 > N5 > N8 > N, > NI 2 > N13. From above, the urban center environment is most appropriate for physical activity, subcivil center ranks the second position and suburbs the last. The urban environment is most appropriate for physical activity, subcivil center ranks the second position and suburb the last. The logical result proved the gray correlation analysis is an effective method to study the relationship between physical activity and environment. Conclusion. These findings collectively suggest that public health, city planning and environment protecting need to consider how to create more livable and pedestrian-friendly community areas, especially in developing countries, as China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-284
Number of pages16
JournalMedicina dello Sport
Volume64
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • Environment
  • Physical exercise
  • Public health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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