Four two-thirds-scale reinforced concrete edge beam-column-slab subassemblies (two concentric and two eccentric connections) were tested under quasi-static cyclic lateral loading. Each subassembly represented a cruciform connection in an exterior moment-resisting frame with a monolithic floor slab on one side only, loaded in the longitudinal direction of the edge-beams. The tests explored the effect of eccentricity between beam and column centrelines, and the effect of floor slabs, on the structural performance of edge beam-column-slab connections subjected to earthquake loading. Performance of the specimens was evaluated in terms of overall strength and stiffness, energy dissipation, beam plastic hinge development, joint shear deformation, and joint shear strength. All specimens underwent some beam hinging at the beam/column interfaces. However, both eccentric specimens, and one concentric specimen with a heavily reinforced floor slab, eventually failed as a result of joint shear, whereas the other concentric specimen exhibited more ductile load-displacement response. The eccentric specimens (with different eccentricities and edge-beam widths) underwent similar behaviour before they started to break dawn, and they also reached similar joint shear strengths. Slab participation was evaluated using slab bar strain gauge data with respect to storey drift. Actual effective slab widths were much larger than the ones typically used in design, especially for the specimens with a column wider than the edge-beams. Finally, floor slabs imposed significant joint shear demand, but they also increased joint shear capacity by expanding effective joint width.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Materials Science(all)